Thursday, March 3, 2011

Wildlife Bytes Australia 4/3/11


We've just been reliably informed that the University of Wollongong propose to undertake 'research' into the methane output from firstly kangaroos and then later from wombats. The University animal ethics committee has apparently approved the 'experiment' (supposedly based on an application by a PhD student doing work on some aspect of climate change) and they have just been given licence approval by Mr Brendon Neally from the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. The experiment takes kangaroos apparently 'excess' from certain wildlife reserves and puts them in cages measuring 1metre x 1.3 meters x 1.7 meters for up to 9 months to check methane gas levels, the animals will be euthanased after the experiments are finished. The animals would be taken from wildlife parks. The original application was for testing 15 Kangaroos but has been approved for 6 animals to start with. Obviously this lunacy must be stopped, and we will have further information in Wildlife Bytes next week as we pursue this matter further. Meanwhile, please send an email opposing this project and demanding its cancellation to Mr Ron Haering at CC your email to the Minister of DECC, Frank Sartor at It's coming close to election time - tell the NSW Premier that we demand her support, that she must protect our native animals from such terrible treatment or the Labour government will be voted out by the wildlife community. Go to to write to Kristina Keneally. *Editor

Fundraising for Flood Wildlife Continues

The Australian Wildlife Protection Council Inc. is collecting funds to offer a reward for information leading to a prosecution or conviction of the person or persons responsible for running down and killing kangaroos in the grounds of Morriset Hospital, near Newcastle. All donations made in Australia are tax deductible if made out to AWPC Public Fund or just AWPC donation. Post your cheque/money order to Australian Wildlife Protection Council Inc. C/- Maryland Wilson, President, 1098 Stumpy Gully Rd Moorooduc 3933 Victoria. A tax-deductable receipt can be sent to you. OR Make a deposit straight into AWPC’s account at your local Commonwealth Bank branch: BSB 063535, Account 10090791 Please include your name and purpose as reference when making a deposit. Eg. Freda Bloggs, Morisset Reward. Also, email Maryland Wilson, kangaroo@ and leave your name and address so a receipt can be sent to you. *AWPC

Wildlife Protection Association of Australia Inc has set up a Donation Fund, where people who wish to donate to help flood-affected wildlife can do just that. Any moneys donated to this Fund will only be provided to non government funded wildlife carers groups or individuals who are actively working on helping wildlife flood victims, orphaned or injured. Funding will be provided to wildlife carers for fuel to get into the flood affected areas, and for wildlife food, over the next months. We know who these carers are, and where they are, and we'd like to help them too, so if you would like to help the wildlife flood and cylcone victims you can donate here, tax-deductible within Australia. Donate here.....

QWRC has also set up a trust fund to receive donations for wildlife carers affected by floods. Donations can be made to the wildlife disaster relief fund by direct deposit to the QWRC Trust Fund account BSB 814-282 and account number 30932248 and QWRC ask that people please use their surname as a reference. They will ensure all funds are distributed where they are most needed.

A new Fundraiser which we absolutely support has just been announced. Sydney Pet Rescue & Adoption has launched the Animal Flood Victims Emergency Appeal, and together with various other rescue groups, they are working hard to raise funds to support animals affected by the recent devastating floods in Qld. The Wildlife Protection Association of Australia is one of the organisations they have chosen to support with the Appeal. We will be using the funds they raise to support foster carers in the worst affected and priority areas, with financial support to assist with the rescue and foster care of wildlife.We thank SPRA and all the rescue groups who are working hard with them, for their support. Please click on this link to find out more about the appeal: SPR&A have donated $2000 to us to distribute to wildlife carers in flood and storm affected Queensland.

The Australia Zoo Wildlife Hospital at Beerwah is also fundraising to help cover the cost of treating an influx of wildlife flood victims. Go to the Hospital website to donate.

Wildlife Groups in Victoria are arranging for food for wildlife and otherwildlife carers supples to be sent to Queensland. If any wildlife carers need anything, please contact us at and we will forward your details to them.

Bob Irwin is calling on the public to give generously towards helping set up cassowary feeding stations and longer term habiat protection in Mission Beach and surrounding areas after cyclone Yasi hit this area hard last week. Donations collected from Bob Irwins website Rainforest Rescue’s website and Save the Cassowary website will be pooled together and donated to the cause.

New Conservation Park

More than 280 hectares of land at Hogwash Bend near Waikerie (SA) has been acquired by the South Australian Government to help protect an endangered parrot species. There are about 50 breeding pairs of the eastern regent parrot in the area of river red gums and scrubland. SA Environment Minister Paul Caica said the Riverland site would officially become a conservation park later in the year. *ABC


Australian Story this week featured never-before-seen footage of the world’s last pure pack of wild dogs on Fraser Island. teh program explored the balancing act between promoting tourism and protecting dingoes. Fraser Island, off the coast of Queensland is the only place in the world with a population of pure dingos, but some authorities say they’re in trouble with their numbers declining. Experts disagree about the best way to manage the island which is mostly National Park and the issue has become highly political. This program is about wildlife photographer Jennifer Parkhurst, whose passion for dingos set her at odds with park rangers – and brought her to the brink of disaster. The program certainly raised the hackles of many Australians, with offers of assistance flooding in to Save the Fraser Island Dingoes. *


A scientist says the deaths of about two dozen baby bottlenose dolphins is unprecedented in 30 years of studying dolphin deaths in the Gulf of Mexico. Moby Solangi says the Institute of Marine Mammal Studies in Gulfport, Mississippi, has no record of previous mass deaths in which the majority were infants. The recent deaths occurred in birthing areas off Mississippi and Alabama. Six bodies intact enough for dissection were a mix of stillborn, premature and full-term calves that died shortly after birth. Mr Solangi says possible causes include cold winter and disease. He said scientists are investigating whether there was a link to the BP oil spill. But only one dolphin species - and no other kind of animal - appears to be dying in unusual numbers. *SunHerald


Hidden cameras have captured proof Javan rhinos are breeding in Indonesia's Ujung Kulon National Park, the last redoubt for the endangered mammals, conservationists say. Footage of two adults with two calves was taken in November and December last year by cameras hidden in the jungle of the rhino sanctuary on the south-western tip of Java island, environmental group WWF said. "This is fantastic news because before these camera trap images surfaced, only 12 other Javan rhino births were recorded in the past decade," WWF-Indonesia Ujung Kulon program chief Adhi Hariyadi said. "The population in Ujung Kulon represents the last real hope for the survival of a species that is on the brink of extinction." The video clip shows two females with their calves, one a female aged about a year and the other a younger male. They enter a small clearing in the jungle and appear to approach the hidden camera. *ABC


Two Whyalla men who illegally killed a great white shark and sold its jaws and teeth have been fined $15,000. South Australian charter fishermen Robert John North and Peter John Vivian were fined $12,000 and $3250 respectively and ordered to forfeit the shark's head, teeth and $5978 received from the sale of shark material. Mr North also received 100 demerit points over the December 2008 killing. Whyalla Magistrate Simon Smart said the men must not be in the possession of any sharks or equipment used to catch sharks for the next five years. *Courier Mail


Recent wet weather has been playing havoc with the baby kookaburra population on Queensland's Sunshine Coast. The Eumundi Wildlife Rehabilitation Centre in the hinterland has been caring for 35 young birds since the area was hit with heavy rain in December. Centre owner Jill Brownhill says mud nests have disintegrated and because the babies cannot fly, they have dropped to the ground. "Because it was a good season, the kookaburras also decided to have three babies this year instead of two, so the additional weight was enough to cause the bottom of the nest to fall out," she said. Ms Brownhill says more than half the kookaburras have now been released. "We get a huge thrill out of being able to save them," she said. "It's always a huge disappointment to us and to the volunteers when we lose them." SCDaily


The saga of the new white-bellied sea eagle at Territory Wildlife Park has reared its beak again. The NT News reported in December that the one-year-old bird was confiscated from an illegal owner in Katherine. But the alleged "illegal owner" has come forward and said there was nothing illegal about the confiscation, on his side of things. Barry Sharpe, owner of the Larrimah Wayside Inn, also known as the Pink Panther pub, also runs a small tourist-oriented wildlife sanctuary at the inn, and his wife Ann Kanters has a licence to care for wildlife. The bird, thought to be a wedge-tailed eagle, was brought to the inn by some fishermen who found it injured last October, but Mr Sharpe said that it was too big and demanding for him to train. Mr Sharpe called the Territory Wildlife Park and was told that park rangers did not have any room for another eagle, but found a home for it with Wildcare in Darwin.

He arranged to bring it to Wildcare on his next visit to the Top End, on November 11, 2010. However, Mr Sharpe and the eagle were intercepted in Katherine, by two police cars and two Parks and Wildlife cars who were expecting him and his luggage. The Parks and Wildlife rangers, who were known to Mr Sharpe and his wife through their work with animals, were hostile toward him and searched his vehicle and tried to seize the bird. However, they couldn't fit the cage in their vehicle and Mr Sharpe had to bring it to the Parks and Wildlife Katherine depot for them, from where it eventually made its way to Wildcare. Parks and Wildlife Minister Karl Hampton labelled him an illegal owner when the bird was presented to the Territory Wildlife Park in December, a comment which upset Mr Sharpe.

"I'm concerned about Parks and Wildlife, accusing me of being somebody that has done something illegal and said it in the newspaper, and it's wrong," he said. "A lot of questions have to be asked." Independent Nelson MLA Gerry Wood last night in Parliament called on Parks and Wildlife Minister Karl Hampton for an explanation and asked for an apology to Mr Sharpe. "Was Barry's phone tapped, were satellite CCTV cameras secretly installed in Larrimah, were the fisherman undercover cops and the eagle used an to entrap Barry, did the eagle have a listening inserted under its feathers?" he said. *NT News

Cane Toads

Halting the cane toad march across northern Australia could be as simple as fencing the amphibians out of dams, say scientists. This would exploit the toad's biggest weakness a thirst for water. It comes as researcher Ross Alford of James Cook University, Townsville, tips a toad breeding boom, boosted by two good wet seasons. Professor Alford said yesterday anecdotal evidence from around Brisbane of more toads in backyards could be correct. Mike Letnic from the University of Western Sydney and colleagues from Melbourne University found that fencing toads out of non-natural water sources, such as dams, or replacing open water with tanks could reduce their spread. "Cane toads require constant access to surface water and do not have the physiological adaptations of many native frogs, which allow these species to survive the long dry season," Dr Letnic said. Thousands of dams built across the Outback for sheep and cattle are now providing toads with a permanent water refuge to sit out dry seasons.

Dr Letnic said by excluding toads from artificial watering points, the area which they could colonise would be cut by 38 per cent from 2,242,000 sq km to 1,385,000 sq km and it could potentially keep them out of the Pilbara. "Livestock will continue to drink from troughs, as they do now, but the water storage would no longer be accessible to toads," he said. Trials with shade cloth fences 600mm high showed native animals would not be affected. "In some areas . . . fencing dams or installing sealed water tanks could clear the area of all toads in just one dry season," Dr Letnic said. Prof Alford said fencing in arid areas could potentially reduce toad numbers but the problem was natural waterholes were hard to fence off. "As well, anywhere you get channels, it's hopeless trying to stop toads because even in the dry, they find a lot of moisture just below the sand," he said. Prof Alford said toads could produce 7000 to 30,000 eggs each time they bred. *Courier Mail

Meanwhile theABC reports that the march of cane toads into the Kimberley appears to be taking a toll on local wildlife with the deaths of a number of fresh water crocodiles. Len Terry from the Department of Environment and Conservation says it is rare for so many reptiles to die in such a short space of time. He says it is likely their deaths were caused by cane toads. "There's a fair few toads or adult toads now around the area, big numbers of them around the waterways and we think that the fresh water crocodiles are starting to come into contact with them," he said. "To find four or five in a short period of time is unusual, but we do get unexplained deaths of freshwater crocs at various times through the year." *ABC


A team of physicists has unlocked the secrets of how to swim through sand. By studying lizards they created a snake-like robot and a computer model which mimicked the motion they use to propel themselves. It is the most detailed model of an organism moving through an environment that is not water or air that has ever been created. The researchers hope it could one day lead to advanced landmine detection systems, better earthquake monitoring or sub-surface discoveries on other planets. A team of physicists has unlocked the secrets of how to swim through sand.
By studying lizards they created a snake-like robot and a computer model which mimicked the motion they use to propel themselves. It is the most detailed model of an organism moving through an environment that is not water or air that has ever been created. The researchers hope it could one day lead to advanced landmine detection systems, better earthquake monitoring or sub-surface discoveries on other planets. The creatures are able to burrow into the sand quickly to avoid predators and escape the heat of their desert home.

Using cameras they found that the way the lizards moved their bodies resembled a sine wave, or smooth repeated oscillation. But their computers were unable to replicate the millions of particles in the sand so they replaced it with 3mm wide glass beads. Fortunately the lizard moved in exactly the same way and they were able to replicate its motion in a robotic copy and their computer model. When they compared both with the original they were accurate to within an 8 per cent margin of error. Professor Daniel Goldman from Georgia Tech’s School of Physics said: ‘We’ve never had such a detailed, quantitative, accurate model of an organism moving through an environment that isn’t water or air. "You can make devices that can sort of wiggle into or through granular materials. We’re already talking to Nasa about it.’ He added the model allowed his team to ‘generate hypotheses about what is going on internally in the lizard that allows it to swim.

‘We can go in and get the physiology of organism and use it to do something useful,’ he said.While not immediately of huge significance, the discovery was hailed as potentially world-changing by other scientists not involved in the research. Stephan Koehler of Worcester Polytechnic Institute told Wired magazine: ‘As with a lot of basic research, no one sees it seriously until a killer application puts the science on steroids. ‘The Wright brother’s work was seen as something of an oddity 108 years ago, and they initially had a difficult time selling their product. But now look where we are.’ Peko Hosoi, a mechanical engineer and roboticist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, added it could have a huge impact on robot technology. ‘You don’t want to blindly copy what animals can do. That doesn’t get you very far. ‘You need to know the fundamental mechanics behind them to inspire truly useful designs.’ The research was published in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface. *MailOnline

NMIT Kangaroos

Nine hundred kangaroos will be slaughtered in the next three years with a further 50 per year after that by the Department of Sustainability and NMIT. The Eastern Grey Kangaroos, an iconic symbol of Australia, live and graze on 320 hectare farmland. The Department plans to cull the animals to further their thoroughbred horse racing and viticulture centre. This plan is shameful and we must find a means to co-exist rather than slaughter our national symbol.

Two petitions calling for the cull to be stopped have been posted online: and to stop culling kangaroos. Network Item

Meanwhile, the condemned kangaroos could get a pardon after Whittlesea Council voted unanimously last week to review its planning process. The council also agreed to write to the state government and North Melbourne Institute of TAFE asking the institute not to cull the hundreds of kangaroos on its 320-hectare Eden Park campus. NMIT received a permit for the cull in December. Cr Frank Merlino, who introduced the notice of motion on the issue, said although DSE permits were not under council jurisdiction, councillors had a responsibility to advocate on behalf of the community. "I think we need to check out our planning process to find out if there are steps developers can take to make kangaroos a priority," Cr Merlino said. Cr Sam Alessi said there was a precedent for such a move, as developers had to minimise the number of native trees removed from a site.

"Whenever we do municipal strategic plans we look at planning issues, and one of the things we've been very successful at is the river red gum protection policy we've put in place as apart of our planning," he said. The council is also investigating the possibility of taking over NMIT's site and managing it as a wildlife reserve. Australian Wildlife Protection Council president Maryland Wilson welcomed the council's actions but said the cull at Eden Park needed to be stopped immediately. "It's good the council passed this motion, but there isn't any time left for the animals unless we stop the permit," she said. The DSE would not confirm the number of kangaroos to be culled but said the permit was only valid for 12 months, not three years as reported elsewhere. The DSE spokeswoman said the organisation was aware of community concerns and would examine any relevant proposals put forward by the council. NMIT refused to comment on the issue. *Northern Weekly
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State and national wildlife groups are joining Whittlesea animal activists in an uphill battle to stop the state-approved slaughter of 300 kangaroos at Eden Park. Online comments flooded the Whittlesea Leader website,, after breaking the news of Whittlesea Council’s unanimous decision to write to the Environment Minister to end the cull at the Northern Melbourne Institute of TAFE’s Northern Lodge stud farm. Animals Australia executive director Glenys Oogjes urged the council to act promptly to ensure any more kangaroos weren’t killed in the interim. “They are challenging the approach of a state authority here,” Ms Oogjes said. “I really do applaud them.”

Fitzroy-based Animal Active campaign director Rheya Linden said after her failed appeals to the DSE to review the issuing of the cull permit, her group would take the matter to the Ombudsman. “If (there is) no joy there, (we) will follow up through the courts,” she said. Environment Defenders Office Victoria principal solicitor Felicity Millner said the DSE could suspend the permit if it was satisfied that there were reasonable grounds to do so. “It could only be (stopped) through a judicial review,” Ms Millner said. “That is a very complicated procedure in the Supreme Court, with a potentially hefty cost.” State Environment Minister Ryan Smith previously told the Leader he was aware of concerns from the community around this cull permit. “The permits are issued under the Wildlife Act (1975) and are not subject to challenge,” he said. *Leader

Fish Kill

Experts have no answers on what has caused the death of thousands of squid in the River Derwent this week. Dead and dying arrowhead squid have been washed ashore or spotted floating on the water at Austins Ferry and Berriedale since Tuesday. Locals say they have never seen so many dead fish. The Environment Protection Authority yesterday confirmed reports of more dead squid further down the river. It is the third case of mass fish deaths in the Derwent in the space of two weeks. Early this week a large mass of dead juvenile barracouta was found in Windermere Bay near Claremont Primary School. This followed a similar number of juvenile barracouta being found dead just south of the Norske Skog paper mill at Boyer the week before.

EPA director Alex Schaap said it was unlikely that the deaths of the squid and barracouta were related. Mr Schaap said young barracouta were particularly intolerant of low salinity, which was thought to have caused the mass deaths. But water tests have left the barracouta deaths a mystery. "We haven't found evidence of anything untoward," Mr Schaap said. Water testing is now being done to cast light on the squid deaths. "When we have an event which involves a single species we tend to suspect there is some behavioural factor involved, a natural phenomenon," Mr Schaap said. "The squid don't appear to be fully grown. "It is possible that these fish have been caught in low-salinity water following the high stormwater discharges over the weekend."

Residents fear the river may be contaminated. Brenda Hale has lived on the Austins Ferry waterfront for 40 years and said she had seen dead fish only once before. "All this squid is not a pleasant sight or smell," Mrs Hale said. "It makes me think something is not right with the water." Tim Strange, of Claremont, who grew up in the area, said he had never seen anything like it before. "Wherever you look you can see squid washed up all over the rocks," he said. *Mercury


Southeast Queensland koalas are at similar risk of being wiped out by disease as Tasmanian devils, says a research scientist. Despite this, Queensland has allocated only $400,000 for koala disease research and the Commonwealth $785,000, compared with $22 million for work on a facial tumour disease killing Tassie devils. In a submission to a Senate inquiry into koalas, Australia Zoo researcher Jo Loader says up to 67 per cent of sexually active female koalas in some areas are infertile due to chlamydia. Ms Loader said the level and severity of disease was almost unprecedented compared with other species. "The application of more funding for disease research is critical," she said. State Environment Minister Kate Jones said yesterday $45 million was being spent on koala projects, with most of the money going to buy and rehabilitate habitat.

Of that money, about $400,000 had been allocated to disease research and she hoped the Federal Government would contribute. "I recognise research is the smallest component of the funding but I took guidance from the Koala Taskforce and they set the priorities," she said. "They wanted the bulk spent on habitat." Ms Jones said if funding priorities had changed she would be keen to hear about it from scientists. Federal Environment Minister Tony Burke said that over six years the Australian Research Council had provided $785,000 to investigate the origin of the retroviral invasion of the koala genome, investigate transmission of the retroviral invasion and for research into developing an chlamydia vaccine.

A submission by Central Queensland University koala specialist Alistair Melzer said disease in any wild species was normal and had a role in keeping populations in check. Dr Melzer said koalas would remain at risk until population growth and resource extraction either plateaued or declined. He said a consequence of development was an unrelenting mortality from road deaths and dog attacks as koalas moved across habitat that had been separated by high-volume traffic corridors. Dr Melzer said long-term drought in the 1990s, tree decline and fire had hit regional koala populations hard. *Courier Mail

Zombie Ants

Researchers combing the rainforests of Brazil have uncovered four new species of fungi that turns ants into zombies. Although it is not the first time the fungi has been seen affecting ants, the discovery of four distinct species in close proximity highlights the level of biodiversity in the Amazon. Their study appears online in the journal PLoS One. The research, led by Assistant Professor David Hughes of the University of Pennsylvannia, identified and described the parasitic fungus Ophiocordyceps unliateralis living on four species of carpenter ant (Camponotini sp.) in the Zona da Mata region of Brazil. Ants become infected when they come into contact with spores released by the fungus. Within a week the ant enters a zombie-like state. "This so-called zombie or brain-manipulating fungus alters the behaviours of the ant host, causing it to die in an exposed position, typically clinging onto and biting the adaxial surface of shrub leaves," the study authors write. The fungus then grows out of the head of the ant, releasing spores into the air, which rain down onto unsuspecting ants and the forest floor.

In 2009, Hughes led a team of researchers studying zombie-ants in Indonesia. They found the infected ants consistently attached to leaves 25 centimetres above the ground in an environment with 95 per cent humidity - perfect conditions for the fungus to grow. In the current study, Hughes and colleagues found each species of fungus was different in size and shape, and adapted to live only in one particular species. Two of the species of fungus have also adapted to grow secondary spores, doubling their chances of finding a new host. Dr Steve Shattuck, an entomologist with CSIRO Ecosystem Sciences, says there are records of the fungus existing in Australia, but its range is limited to tropical regions of Australia. "It's hard to find. Exactly how common it is, who knows? But obviously if it was too common it would kill all the ants and then go away," he said.

He says while there are many examples of ants living in symbiotic relationships with other organisms such as bacteria and other types of fungi, none are as invasive as Ophiocordyceps. And despite the fungus' ability to destroy a whole colony of ants, Dr Shattuck says its potential for use in pest control is very limited. "What the paper found was that the fungi were species specific," he said. "So unless one of ants was your pest it doesn't do you any good." It also means the possibility that the fungi will turn our 2000-odd species of Australian ant into a zombie army is highly remote. "It would be very unlikely," Dr Shattuck said. "If the fungi did get here it wouldn't have anything to live on and would just die out in all likelihood." According to Professor Hughes' website, his team plans to study the zombie-inducing fungus in Colombia, Guyana, Brazil, Peru, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea and Australia. *ABC

Kangaroos - Faces in the Mob!

(We recently ran out of stock of this very popular magical DVD, but now have new supplies in! Buy Now! Buy Now!....before we run out again!)
On the east coast of Australia lies a valley of magical beauty, surrounded by mountains and shrouded in mists during winter. In these idyllic surroundings live a mob of wild Eastern Grey Kangaroos whose society is rich and complex. Faces in the mob is an engaging true story of life within this one mob of Australian wild Eastern Grey Kangaroos.
For two years, award-winning Australian filmmakers Dr. Jan Aldenhoven and Glen Carruthers lived with this mob. Hear their compelling account of the world of these captivating marsupials where each animal has its own personality. Buy the DVD now with Paypal...$29.95 Au includes free postage in Australia.

Faces in the Mob!
Follow the destinies of two lovable joeys - a female named Sunshade whose mother is conscientious and successful, and Jaffa, a little male full of pluck and courage whose mother is absent-minded. And witness everything from birth to the dramatic and sometimes deadly battles between adult males.
Never before has the richness and complexity of the kangaroo society and the daily drama of their family life been revealed in such stunning detail. Superbly photographed, this beautiful story of Australia's most famous animal will captivate you from beginning to end. This is the best documentary about our beloved kangaroos that has ever been produced. Profits from sales of the DVD go to help the Kangaroo Protection Coalition to campaign for the protection of our beautiful kangaroos.
Buy the DVD now for $29.95 in Australia, or $34.95 Au Paypal for International postage delivery.
Buy Faces in the Mob now!

This DVD would make a great "All Year Round" present!

Thinking about Wildlife?

Who’s going to watch over our wildlife when you no longer share their World? Well, we are! The Wildlife Protection Association of Australia Inc. will continue to forcefully lobby governments to do better with wildlife management, and by taking them to Court if necessary. We are currently working on developing eLearning projects, so students can become aware of the importance of our wildlife living in a safe and secure natural environment. After you have looked after your family and friends in your Will, think about wildlife.

A bequest to the Wildlife Protection Association of Australia Inc. will ensure that we can continue to take a leading role in protecting and conserving our precious wildlife. None of the donations we receive are diverted to "administration". Every dollar we get through bequests or donations for wildlife hits the ground running!

Talk to your solicitor, or if writing your own Will, add the words "I bequeath to The Wildlife Protection Association of Australia Inc. for the purpose of protecting wildlife in Australia (a specified sum), or (specified items including land or vehicle), or (the residue of my estate) or (percentage of my estate) free of all duties, and the receipt of the President, Secretary or other authorised WPAA officer for the time being shall be a complete and sufficient discharge for the executor(s)." You can also phone me for a confidential chat, as to how a bequest can help us work to protect our wildlife, when you are no longer able to. * Pat O’Brien, WPAA 07 54941890

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Welcome to all our new members, readers, and supporters. Wildlife Bytes (Qld BN 18253945) is a free weekly email update provided by the Wildlife Protection Association of Australia Inc. PO Box 309, Beerwah, Qld, 4519, and Wildlife Bytes Pty Ltd. It is read by thousands of people worldwide. To receive Wildlife Bytes, and other wildlife information, subscribe online at Your email address is safe with us and is kept confidential.
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